Level 16 - Colossus
The United Nations
1. As far as peace keeping methods go, the reputation of the United Nations is very pitiable. This is not only because they have not been doing their job to itís fullest extent, but also because the member states on the security council havenít given the UN the power it needs if it is to be a successful force in peace keeping methods.
2. The United Nation idea was first brought to head during World War II, when 26 nations of the world pledged to work together as one. The United Nations was officially operational as of the 24th of October 1951, with a minor 51 countries signing the UN charter. A stable base was set-up in New York.
3. The UN structure is a very well thought-out one. The UN contains over 150 countries, with 5 main heads of state. These 5 countries are America, France, Great Britain, Russia and China. The 5 head countries always make the decision on whether to help a country that is in need or not. The basic structure is that there is a general assembly, which is the head of the UN. Off that there are 5 separately run systems, which are International court of justice, Economic and social council, Security Council, secretariat and the trainee council. All have different, yet major roles in striving to make the UN a success.
4. The Security Council is the council in charge of the peacekeeping side of the United Nations. The Security Council contained 15 countries in 1995. The countries were Argentina, Botswana, China, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Honduras, Indonesia, Italy, Nigeria, Oman, Russian Federation, Rwanda, UK and the U.S. China, France, UK, U.S and Russia are all permanent heads of the council. There are over 50 countries now listed in the Security Council.
5. The UN can be so ineffective because they do not have the power they would like to have. The United Nations have no power under the current charter to simply waltz into a countries disputes with out any permission being granted. Both countries must invite the UN in, but the Security Council must also agree with this as well. The countries involved in the Security Council must also provide the necessary manpower quickly. This takes time and hinders the UNís power.
6. Somalia Ė In 1992, after 23 months of Barreís rain there was an estimated 300,000 people who died of starvation. A vanguard of UN peacekeeping forces was sent in to restore order. The UN soon organised international agencies so that food from all the member states could be transported directly to Somalia. The UN mission became mired in 1993 as violence broke out. The UN was force to take necessary action and they targeted the powerful clan leader Mohammad Farrah Aidid. They saw him as the biggest threat to peace in Somalia. Despite the UNís huge efforts peace was not fully restored, but an estimated 300,000 lives were saved. A victory in itís self.
Iran-Iraq War Ė In 1980 Iraq invaded Iran and all hell broke loose. The world was furious at this, and the United Nations knew they had to do something, but they did not have the authority. Although most of the fighting was left up to the Americans, the achievement that the UN got out of this war was that it put forward a cease-fire on the war in 1988.
Rwanda Ė In 1994 the United Nations peace force was already stationed in Rwanda because of a previous conflict. Soon after the UN settled one conflict another started because Rwanda and Burundiís presidents were killed. This started a wave of ethnic violence and the UN was forced to take force. In July the UN organised a cease-fire. The government blocked the borders and several confrontations broke out resulting in thousands of deaths. In 1996 the UN cleared the borders and the refugeeís started coming back in to their country, not fearing death anymore. This was another victory for the UN peacekeeping force.
7. To help the UN with its responsibilities I think that every country should be involved in the UN Security Council and be made to sign the charter. Not only would this cure the quarrelling problems that some countries have, but also the army will be a lot better and organised, so when the UN is called into help out, not only will they have the man power and resources, but they will have the efficiency to be a true force in the world peace keeping process.