This is one of the questions from my Biology homework I dont understand. We are studying patterns of inheritance.
what level biology course are you in? That would help us give you the correct materials instead of something a 4th year genetics graduate student would have learned
try the site listed below go karyotyping
other methods used to compare genes or a karyotyping are gel electrophoresis and dna microarrays
Staining brings out the chromosomes so they are noticeable when you photograph them, thus when compared to a normal karyotype, you can see defects, such as the missing bit on the chromosome number 5 (cri du chat)