I have a biology final coming up and I would really appreciate it if someone could answer this question for me. Thank you very much!
The equation for photosynthesis is 6CO2 + 6H2O = C6H12O6 +6O2, which shows that energy is stored in the form of glucose, a 6 carbon sugar. This forms chains of starch, which are kept as a long term energy store.
Yes, but will you LOVE ME? Tomorrow?
In any case plants really store energy just as people do, they create more plant tissue. In this tissue are sugars, starches and fats, which are typically those items people who write tests are looking for. But there are plants that can break down protein as well. These plants "store" energy in proteins as do human beings as well as in the other reserves.
Humans are less able than plants to "store sugars". But we can tolerate for short periods of time increased levels of sugars in our blood streams. We can store starches in our gut for short periods of time.
We can store protein for as long as a decade without reprocessing it.
Plants can store protein for perhaps hundreds of years, though I don't know of a species of protein processing plant that does so.
Typically plants cannot process their own proteins, but I suspect there are plants that can, given there are literally over a billion species.
Of the well known plants that can "store" protein an example would be the venus fly trap, which can take it's time eating an ant. Another example would be the "Pitcher plant" which likewise can be more or less aggressive in eating a wasp.
Photosynthesis is the process plants and some algae use to convert light energy to chemical energy stored as sugar. Plants need only carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O) for photosynthesis to work. This occurs in plant leaves, specifically the leaf cells' chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are full of chlorophyll, a green pigment key to photosynthesis. The energy stored during photosynthesis starts the flow of energy and carbon down the food chain. All the energy we consume through food is a direct or indirect result of the energy stored by photosynthesis.
The Chemical Reaction
The formula that describes photosynthesis is
6CO2 + 6H20 + light energy = C6H1206 + 602
What this chemical equation means is that photosynthesis combines light energy with six molecules of carbon dioxide and six molecules of water to produce six molecules of oxygen and a molecule of sugar.
The only thing i know about storage of energy are when the glucose are converted into starch molecules and starch grains form in the chloroplast