I really like history and art history, but i am also interested in anthropology what courses are required to take? I know you have to get a pHd. How competitive is it and is it really hard job to get?
the museum industry is VERY competitive. it comes to a point sometimes that to advance in it you have to wait for that person ahead of you to die. i would start of and take classes in history and art history, and meanwhile talk to your adviser about what you want to do and they will know what steps and classes you need to take, what internships you need to apply for and what programs around the country are the best to apply for. some jobs you don't need a phd in, just a masters and while you have that job you can work on your phd, it's not like you are in school forever and then start a job, it usually goes hand in hand.
The "road to the curator" is typically a combination of academic studies and practical experience, meaning advance degrees combined with internships, volunteer work, and jobs. Almost all senior-level curatorial jobs require PhD's in the discipline of the museum (e.g. science, art, history, etc.). But within the world of contemporary art you'll find more flexibility. You can get by with just a master's and in some cases just a bachelor's degree if you have experience as well. However this may not be the case at some of the most prestigious museums in the country.
I think art conservation is actually the most competitive profession within the museum world, but curating comes close behind. So remember when you are searching for jobs that if you can't land a curatorial position there are many other ones that offer opportunities to interact with the discipline (art, history, anthropology) in a meaningful and intellectual way, such as in museum education or collections/registration.
In terms of courses to take now, try to get as many within your field of interest as possible (art and anthropology). And, if you can, also try to take a few business classes (e.g. accounting or management) and especially classes focused on nonprofit management.
While in school seek out museum experience as a volunteer, intern, or employee either where you are enrolled or in the same town where you live. If you have no museum work experience at all, literally any type of work, especially that involving interacting with public, will help you gain important skills. If this is not an option, seek out similar positions at other non-profits, in the arts (such as a theater) or any other service-related group, like a hospital, shelter, etc. All of this work builds your resume and you can find a way to apply it to future museum work (e.g. if you help set up a Facebook page for an animal shelter you can do the same for a museum if you end up in their PR department).
I just saw that the College Art Association is publishing an updated directory of graduate programs in art history, which will include degrees in museum studies and curatorial studies. You might want to check that out. Also, take a look at job listings for curators on CAA's job site and the website for the American Association of Museums. You'll quickly learn what experience, education, and skills are required for top curatorial candidates.
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